The key difference between an electric car and a classic car is the use of an electric engine instead of an internal combustion engine. This feature entails the need for a different source of energy, a different transmission design, and the layout of the car, which naturally affects consumer qualities.
If you want to buy or lease a car, you can pay attention to electric cars that can surprise you. In this article, we will tell you about the advantages and disadvantages of electric vehicles compared to classic cars.
An electric car has a huge number of advantages over an ordinary car. The most significant of them are:
Maintenance and fuel costs are significantly lower than those of a classic car. According to the roughest estimates, if we compare cars of the same class, electric traction at the current cost of electricity and combustible fuel (gasoline and diesel fuel) is about ten times cheaper on average. The difference is slightly reduced if the car burns gas instead of gasoline or diesel fuel. In addition, incentives for transport tax and parking for owners of electric vehicles are being introduced more and more actively in different regions. The following items on this list also directly or indirectly affect the cheapness of driving an electric car.
An electric car breaks down less often, which means that the risk of suddenly being “stuck” somewhere with a broken car is lower. And there are fewer breakdowns because there are simply fewer parts that can fail.
Electric vehicles require less maintenance. There is no need to change the oil and filter in the engine every 6-7 thousand miles, as everyone is used to, there is no need for an engine air filter. Maintenance includes changing the oil in the gearbox and brake fluid about once every 25 thousand miles, brake pads, and discs if necessary, and replacing the cabin filter.
An electric car is safer. Due to the absence of heavy and bulky internal combustion engines and gearboxes in the front, the risk of injury in a frontal collision is much lower.
By not burning fuel and not releasing exhaust emissions and soot into the atmosphere, electric cars don’t harm the environment such as the internal combustion engine. Of course, pollution remains due to the rubber used in tires, so it is perhaps impossible to call vehicles moving on wheels absolutely harmless and “green”.
The car is much quieter because the engine runs almost silently. However, you can still hear the screeching of tires on the pavement, the outside environment, and the occasional little whine of the electric engine in some models.
Driving is more fun. It is clear that if we compare the pleasure of driving a Nissan Leaf with driving some kind of elite car, then the Leaf will lose, but compared to gasoline cars of the same class, an electric car is much more dynamic.
If conventional cars run out of internal combustion engine resources, then electric cars degrade the battery. However, the manufacturer gives a guarantee of 8 years or 100,000 miles for the battery of the restyled Nissan Leaf of 2016 before degradation begins! On a run of about 150,000 miles, with proper operation, the battery capacity will decrease by about 20%. And what will happen to the internal combustion engine of a modern small car with such a run?
Alas, owners of electric vehicles have to face problems that may not bother drivers of cars with internal combustion engines. They include:
Electric cars have power reserve restrictions
In an ordinary car, you quickly fill up gasoline at a gas station and drive on, and in the case of an electric car, even if you arrive at an “electric refueling”, a significant time must pass to replenish the power reserve. Hybrids are deprived of this shortcoming.
Electric vehicles also have a long charging time
Although new electric cars can be charged up to 80% in most cases in 40 minutes, this is still not the 5 minutes it takes to fill up fuel at a gas station. In addition, there are not so many charging stations in little towns that allow you to charge a car relatively quickly. In most cases, owners charge them from household outlets, which can take 8 hours or more.
High cost compared to gasoline and diesel cars
A new electric car costs several tens of percent more than an analog with an internal combustion engine.
Reduced power reserve in winter
Due to the inclusion of interior heating, steering wheel, and seats, the power reserve at low temperatures is reduced by an average of 25-30%.