Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a medical condition that affects almost 6 to 15 percent of women in bearing a child. Getting pregnant with PCOS can be a difficult task. It directly affects the capability of becoming pregnant, labor, and normal delivery of the child (even if the pregnancy takes place).
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What is PCOS?
PCOS, commonly known as Polycystic ovarian syndrome, is also medically called Stein-Leventhal syndrome. It is one of the causes of hormonal imbalance affecting the natural capability of women. PCOS is characterized by the presence or production of too many androgens or “male” hormones in the body of women.
PCOS can also cause women to develop excessive hair and acne on their bodies. It is the main reason behind causing the development of a cyst. The cysts develop on the ovaries and interrupt the normal activity of the menstrual cycle.
It is one of the tricky medical conditions. It doesn’t go away by itself with time. There is not a single test to get diagnosed with PCOS. excessive hair growth and missing a routine of the period is the major sign. Doctors can help you combine the different scenarios of your medical health.
How likely is it to be getting pregnant with PCOS?
Sometimes, the medical condition of PCOS goes unnoticed. You may not recognize the symptoms of PCOS unless you try to conceive. This is because it is likely to affect your conceiving ability. In such a condition, you may speak to the doctor.
Your doctor will help you develop a test for getting pregnant. There are certain strategies like losing weight, eating healthy and certain types of medications. This may help to increase the chances of getting pregnant.
How PCOS is likely to affect the mothers?
Women with PCOS are at least three times more at risk of miscarriage. They are more likely to develop other complications related to preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, and having larger chances of a premature baby. This can further lead to difficulty in delivery or may also increase the chances of getting C-section delivery.
Getting pregnant with PCOS may bring more chances of complications. It is the hormonal imbalance that is blamed. Women with PCOS are likely to become obese. They start relying on reproductive technologies to get pregnant. It is studied that 60 percent of women with PCOS are obese. On the other hand, 14 percent of women depend on reproductive technologies to get pregnant.
Women with PCOS have the high capability of catching the following medical complications:
- insulin resistance
- type 2 diabetes
- high cholesterol
- high blood pressure
- heart disease
- sleep apnea
- endometrial cancer
How PCOS brings changes to your newborn or the fetus of your womb?
Getting pregnant with PCOS is itself a complex medical problem. It makes pregnancy a complicated task. It needs monitoring of both the baby and the mother even if the woman gets pregnant.
The complications that may occur with the baby, include:
- premature birth
- gestational age
- lower Apgar score
If you deliver a baby girl, there are more than 50 percent chances that she may receive medical complications from you. Women with PCOS are more likely to deliver their baby through C-section. They tend to have large-size babies. Other complications may include issues with delivery, and labor.
PCOS and breast-feeding (in case the baby is born)
You are likely to manage your symptoms even after getting pregnant. Symptoms can also be severe. Sometimes hormonal fluctuation may take place. This may lead to changes in breastfeeding. So, it may take time unless you settle with the conditions of a new “normal”.
It is completely safe to breastfeed a child even after having PCOS. The fact is that you need to continue to manage your symptoms even after getting pregnant. There are certain types of medications helping to control blood sugar and insulin. Moreover, women who have gestational diabetes are more at risk of developing type 2 diabetes. In such a case, it can lower the chances of breastfeeding.
Even after getting pregnant with PCOS or having a healthy delivery, the chances are there you may have normal breastfeeding. Be sure to explore the options and the resources. It may lead to successful breastfeeding experiences.
Currently, there is no cure for PCOS. But it is manageable. Other options to help the symptoms of PCOS include:
- birth control pills
- weight loss
- other androgen blockers
Your doctor may prescribe you fertility drugs, the medications for controlling blood sugar and inducing ovulation. You may also need to stop these medications to get pregnant. You may develop your chances of getting pregnant by planning with your doctor.
It is important to know that PCOS and pregnancy are the real complications. This is because getting pregnant with PCOS may likely bring complications to you. It may interfere with other medical issues in your body. You may require to follow the steps with your doctor. Take the medications as directed. Do all the possible steps that require the controlling of PCOS during pregnancy.